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December 2012 Vol. 1 Issue 4

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Saini SS

Kaur A


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Global Advanced Research Journal of Chemistry and Materials Science (GARJCMS)
December 2012 Vol. 1(4), pp. 063-070
Copyright © 2012 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

 

Review

 

Aflatoxin B1: Toxicity, characteristics and analysis: Mini review

 

Shivender Singh Saini and Anupreet Kaur

 

Department of Chemistry, Punjabi University-Patiala, Punjab-147002

 

*Corresponding Author Email: shiv_algal2007@yahoo.com and anu_chem06@yahoo.co.in

 

Accepted September 29, 2012

 

Abstract

 

Aflatoxins (AF) are mycotoxins derived by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus and are listed as Group I carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), a body of the World Health Organization. The main aflatoxins are the B1 (AFB1), B2, G1 and G2 together with their metabolites, among which the most important is the aflatoxin B1. AFB1 is the molecule with the highest toxic significance. It is commonly found in any foodstuff or animal feed which can support fungal growth during growth, harvest, or storage.  This paper is a mini review of AFB1, its toxicity, its characteristics and its different methods of analysis.

 

Keywords: AFB1, WHO, AFB2, IARC, HPLC.

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