December 2012 Vol. 1 Issue
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Advanced Research Journal of Chemistry and Materials Science
December 2012 Vol. 1(4), pp. 071-075
Copyright © 2012 Global Advanced Research Journals
The use of some
plants in water purification
Jodi M. L. 1, Birnin-Yauri U. A.
2*, Yahaya Y. 3 and Sokoto M. A.
of Chemistry, Shehu Shagari College of Education,
of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo
of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Kebbi State
University of Science and Technology, Aliero.
*Corresponding Author E-mail:
firstname.lastname@example.org; Tel. +234(0)8038099456
Accepted 08 September, 2012
This research was aimed at
finding the efficiencies of powdered seeds of M.
olifeira, H. sabdariffa and C. tridens
as natural water treatment agents alternative to the
use of synthetic chemicals. Similarly, the
efficiency of mixture of each of the plant with alum
was tested. The optimum dosages and turbidities (NTU)
were observed to be 80ppm and 7 NTU (alum), 120ppm
and 5 NTU (M. oleifera), 130ppm and 110 NTU (C.
tridens); 130ppm and 80 NTU (H. sabdariffa)
respectively. The optimum dosage (60ppm) and
turbidity (NTU) of 5 were observed in mixture of
alum – M. oleifera, while for alum - C.
tridens and alum - H. sabdariffa were
80ppm to 5 NTU and 80ppm to 6 NTU respectively. The
result obtained when for M. oleifera proved
that the plant can be use for the treatment of
turbidity in drinking water. The results obtained
when each of the plant was combined with alum were
much better. The values obtained for M. oleifera
and combination of each plant with alum were
observed to be within the WHO maximum permissible
level of turbidity in drinking water.
Flocculants, Turbidity, Alum, Optimum, Coagulation.