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December 2012 Vol. 1 Issue 4

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Jodi ML

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Global Advanced Research Journal of Chemistry and Materials Science (GARJCMS)
December 2012 Vol. 1(4), pp. 071-075
Copyright © 2012 Global Advanced Research Journals

 

 

Full Length Research Paper

 

The use of some plants in water purification

 

Jodi M. L. 1, Birnin-Yauri U. A. 2*, Yahaya Y. 3 and Sokoto M. A. 2

 

1Department of Chemistry, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto

2Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto

3Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero.

 

*Corresponding Author E-mail:  uabyauri@gmail.com; Tel. +234(0)8038099456

 

Accepted 08 September, 2012

 

Abstract

 

This research was aimed at finding the efficiencies of powdered seeds of M. olifeira, H. sabdariffa and C. tridens as natural water treatment agents alternative to the use of synthetic chemicals. Similarly, the efficiency of mixture of each of the plant with alum was tested. The optimum dosages and turbidities (NTU) were observed to be 80ppm and 7 NTU (alum), 120ppm and 5 NTU (M. oleifera), 130ppm and 110 NTU (C. tridens); 130ppm and 80 NTU (H. sabdariffa) respectively. The optimum dosage (60ppm) and turbidity (NTU) of 5 were observed in mixture of alum – M. oleifera, while for alum - C. tridens and alum - H. sabdariffa were 80ppm to 5 NTU and 80ppm to 6 NTU respectively. The result obtained when for M. oleifera proved that the plant can be use for the treatment of turbidity in drinking water.  The results obtained when each of the plant was combined with alum were much better. The values obtained for M. oleifera and combination of each plant with alum were observed to be within the WHO maximum permissible level of turbidity in drinking water.

 

Keywords: Flocculants, Turbidity, Alum, Optimum, Coagulation.

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